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Long Term Debt to Total Asset Ratio Formula Example Calculation

This ratio is crucial for investors and financial analysts as it provides insights into a company’s financial structure, specifically its reliance on debt for financing. Understand the definition and formula of the long-term debt-to-total-assets ratio in finance. This can negate the belief that long-term debt ratios are always better when they are lower. Sometimes, a company has to weigh the risks of increasing that ratio in order to profit off of a new venture.

ChatterSource is a modern media platform that aims to provide high-quality digital content that informs, educates and entertains. We cover topics that help you make better decisions, be more interesting and improve your quality of life. Financing new capital and quickly reselling for less than what it was purchased for can grow this value, too. This can happen when a company frequently buys brand-new equipment and sells it soon after, with a massive depreciation against the value just from being taken off the lot or out of the factory.

  1. It can be interpreted as the proportion of a company’s assets that are financed by debt.
  2. For example, capital-intensive industries like utilities or manufacturing may have higher long-term debt-to-total-assets ratios compared to service-based industries.
  3. Google is no longer a technology start-up; it is an established company with proven revenue models that is easier to attract investors.

Just a few months later, the truck’s engine dies and leaves you no choice but to sell it at a massive loss. You may get $5,000 out of the decommissioned vehicle, but you’re still indebted $15,000 for something that you can’t even use anymore. The articles and research support materials available on this site are educational and are not intended to be investment or tax advice. All such information is provided solely for convenience purposes only and all users thereof should be guided accordingly. Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance.

Is a Low Total-Debt-to-Total-Asset Ratio Good?

Investors are wary of a high ratio, as it signifies management has less free cash flow and less ability to finance new operations. Management typically uses this financial metric to determine the amount of debt the company can sustain and manage the overall capital structure of the firm. While the long-term debt to assets ratio only takes into account long-term debts, the total-debt-to-total-assets ratio includes all debts.

Example of the Debt Ratio

With this information, investors can leverage historical data to make more informed investment decisions on where they think the company’s financial health may go. The concept of comparing total assets to total debt also relates to entities that may not be businesses. For example, the United States Department of Agriculture keeps a close eye on how the relationship between farmland assets, debt, and equity change over time. Investors use the ratio to evaluate whether the company has enough funds to meet its current debt obligations and to assess whether the company can pay a return on its investment. Creditors use the ratio to see how much debt the company already has and whether the company can repay its existing debt. A high Long Term Debt to Net Assets Ratio may indicate higher repayment risk and lower creditworthiness, while a low ratio may indicate conservative financial management or missed growth opportunities.

The long-term debt to total asset ratio is a solvency or coverage ratio that calculates a company’s leverage by comparing total debt to assets. In other words, it measures the percentage of assets that a business would need to liquidate to pay off its long-term debt. As with all other ratios, the trend of the total-debt-to-total-assets ratio should be evaluated over time. This will help assess whether the company’s financial risk profile is improving or deteriorating.

Tim’s financial data from his balance sheet is shown below and the ratio is calculated for the past three years. It’s important to note that acceptable ranges for this ratio may differ across industries. For example, capital-intensive industries long term debt to total asset ratio like utilities or manufacturing may have higher long-term debt-to-total-assets ratios compared to service-based industries. By this point, you probably know the unfortunate truth of what it means when your long-term debt ratio is going up.

Your company could be using other means of generating growth, such as charitable donations or grants.

Therefore, it is crucial to compare the ratio with industry benchmarks and other financial metrics before making any decisions based solely on this one metric. The Long Term Debt to Net Assets Ratio ratio measures the percentage of total long-term debt that a company owes concerning its net assets. This ratio is essential for every business, and it plays a vital role in maintaining overall financial health.

Why Should I Bring Down My Long-term Debt Ratio?

While a lower calculation means a company avoids paying as much interest, it also means owners retain less residual profits because shareholders may be entitled to a portion of the company’s earnings. A ratio below 0.5, meanwhile, indicates that a greater portion of a company’s assets is funded by equity. This often gives a company more flexibility, as companies can increase, decrease, pause, or cancel future dividend plans to shareholders. Alternatively, once locked into debt obligations, a company is often legally bound to that agreement. Short-term financing options, such as short-term loans or lines of credit, are often relatively quick and straightforward to obtain compared to long-term financing options. This can be beneficial for businesses that need immediate access to funds to address unexpected expenses, seasonal fluctuations, or other short-term financial needs.

Generally speaking, a debt-to-equity or debt-to-assets ratio below 1.0 would be seen as relatively safe, whereas ratios of 2.0 or higher would be considered risky. Some industries, such as banking, are known for having much higher debt-to-equity ratios than others. Some sources consider the debt ratio to be total liabilities divided by total assets. This reflects a certain ambiguity between the terms debt and liabilities that depends on the circumstance.

If you don’t include these in your calculation, your estimates will not be completely correct. If a company has too much debt to break even after selling assets, it will remain in the hole even after declaring bankruptcy. The company must also hire and train employees in an industry with exceptionally high employee turnover, adhere to food safety regulations for its more than 18,253 stores in 2022. Let’s look at a few examples from different industries to contextualize the debt ratio. Let’s analyze and interpret the ratio and see what key information about the financial health of the companies we can extract. Now that we have a good grasp of what this ratio signifies, let’s take a closer look at how it is calculated.

It indicates how much debt is used to carry a firm’s assets, and how those assets might be used to service debt. By dividing the long-term debt by net assets, we can obtain the long-term debt to net assets ratio. This formula provides valuable insights into how much of a company’s total assets are financed through debt and how much equity it actually has. Once you’ve found your company’s long-term debt ratio, you now know what portion of its assets your business would need to liquidate to repay its long-term debt. This is a good value to always have on hand when considering large financial decisions, like taking on a new loan or refinancing debts through a new institution.